TOD in Statute and Regulation

Although transit-oriented development (TOD) and joint development are not discreet programs of the U.S. Department of Transportation,  FTA grantees may use FTA financial assistance for joint development activities that incorporate private investment or enhance economic development. Such projects may include transferring land for nearby real estate development; preparing land for development; providing enhanced access; and developing on-site community services such as dependent care, health care, public safety, or commercial conveniences.

Section 2005(b) of the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) created the Pilot Program for Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Planning (for comprehensive planning) associated with a new fixed guideway or core capacity improvement project, as those projects are defined in 49 U.S.C. (Fixed Guideway Capital Investment Grants Program). MAP-21 authorizes FTA to make grants for comprehensive planning that seeks to:

Moreover, previous federal transit law (49 U.S.C. §5301 et. seq.) references transit-oriented development in select places:


Learn more about transit-oriented development.