Capital Program (49 U.S.C. § 5309) provides capital funding for fixed guideway modernization, new starts, and bus and bus related projects.
Urbanized Area Formula Program (49 U.S.C. § 5307) provides funding for capital, planning and operating projects for urbanized areas (50,000 or more population).
Elderly Persons and Persons with Disabilities Program (49 U.S.C. § 5310) allocates funding to the states for capital projects to meet the special needs of elderly persons and persons with disabilities.
Non-urbanized Area Formula Program (49 U.S.C. § 5311) funds capital and operating assistance in non-urbanized areas (rural and small urban). The Rural Technical Assistance Program (RTAP) also provides funding for training, technical assistance, research and support services.
Interstate Substitute Transit Program substitutes transit capital and planning projects for Interstate Highway System projects.
Job Access / Reverse Commute Program increases transit service to employment opportunities.
Over-the-Road Bus Program provides funds to help operators of over-the-road bus service comply with DOT's final rule on accessibility for over-the-road buses.
Clean Fuels Formula Program was created to encourage the use of clean fuel vehicles. The funds were merged with the Bus category of the Capital program in FY 2002 and cannot be tracked independently.
Emergency Supplementalfunds were appropriated following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks for use in transit.
State Infrastructure Banks allow a State to provide loans or other credit assistance for projects.
Metropolitan Planning Program (49 U.S.C. § 5303) provides funding to the states for planning projects in urbanized areas. State Planning and Research Program (49 U.S.C. § 5313(b)) provides funding to the states for state planning and research. Consolidated Planning Grants allows states to combine FHWA and FTA funds as a single grant.
The total amount obligated for these programs in FY 2002 was $7.8 billion, which is $0.5 billion (or 7%) higher than the previous fiscal year. About 91 percent was obligated under the two largest programs: Capital Program (36%) and Urbanized Area Formula Program (55%). Of the total $7.8 billion, 92% was programmed for capital; 6% for operating; and 2% for planning. Within the total capital obligations of $7.1 billion, 46% was used for Bus, 34% for Fixed Guideway, and 20% for New Starts. In FY 2002, FTA funded the purchase of 10,371 motor vehicles, or 800 (8%) more than in FY 2001. The dollar amount obligated for motor vehicle purchases was $1.2 billion. The purchase of 357 rail cars was funded with $519.4 million. Bus and rail rolling stock rehabilitation totaled $32.8 million and $160.0 million, respectively. Obligations for preventive maintenance were $995.6 million (bus, $796.2 million; rail, $199.4 million). Overall preventive maintenance obligations increased by 14% compared to FY 2001.