Transit-Oriented Development

Transit-oriented development (TOD) is compact, mixed-use development near transit facilities and high-quality walking environments. The TCRP Report 102 study (PDF) concludes that the typical TOD leverages transit infrastructure to promote economic development and smart growth, and to cater to shifting market demands and lifestyle preferences.

TOD is about creating sustainable communities where people of all ages and incomes have transportation and housing choices, increasing location efficiency where people can walk, bike and take transit. In addition, TOD boosts transit ridership and reduces automobile congestion, providing value for both the public and private sectors, while creating a sense of community and place.

Benefits of TOD

According to the TCRP Report 102 study (PDF), the potential benefits of TOD are social, environmental, and fiscal. Focusing growth around transit stations capitalizes on expensive public investments in transit by producing local and regional benefits.

TOD Discretionary Funding Opportunity 

The Pilot Program for TOD Planning helps support FTA’s mission of improving public transportation for America’s communities by providing funding to local communities to integrate land use and transportation planning with a transit capital investment that will seek funding through the Capital Investment Grant Program (CIG) Program. Comprehensive planning funded through the program must examine ways to improve economic development and ridership, foster multimodal connectivity and accessibility, improve transit access for pedestrian and bicycle traffic, engage the private sector, identify infrastructure needs, and enable mixed-use development near transit stations.

TOD Research & Publications

This list of resources includes FTA funded research and research sponsored by non-profits and other stakeholder groups.


New Resources, Spring 2014:

Trends in Transit-Oriented Development 2000–2010 (PDF)

This report analyzes the trends in transit regions and transit-oriented developments from 2000 to 2010, illuminating changes in how and where we live, travel, and work.


Planning for Transit-Supportive Development: A Practitioner’s Guide

This toolkit of practical and innovative measures helps Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs), regional planners, transit agencies, and local government elected officials, staff, land use planners, and transit planners integrate transit planning with local land use planning.


TOD in Statute and Regulation Although transit-oriented development and joint development are not discrete programs of the U.S. Department of Transportation, FTA grantees may use FTA financial assistance for joint development activities that incorporate private investment or enhance economic development.
TOD Training & Resources This list of training and resources includes FTA funded webinars, online tools, and training course, and related efforts sponsored by other federal agencies and non-profits and other stakeholder groups.