Transportation for Elderly Persons and Persons with Disabilities (5310)
This program (49 U.S.C. 5310) provides formula funding to States for the purpose of assisting private nonprofit groups in meeting the transportation needs of the elderly and persons with disabilities when the transportation service provided is unavailable, insufficient, or inappropriate to meeting these needs. Funds are apportioned based on each State’s share of population for these groups of people.
Funds are obligated based on the annual program of projects included in a statewide grant application. The State agency ensures that local applicants and project activities are eligible and in compliance with Federal requirements, that private not-for-profit transportation providers have an opportunity to participate as feasible, and that the program provides for coordination of Federally assisted transportation services assisted by other Federal sources. Once FTA approves the application, funds are available for state administration of its program and for allocation to individual subrecipients within the state.
States are direct recipients. Eligible subrecipients are private non-profit organizations, governmental authorities where no non-profit organizations are available to provide service and governmental authorities approve to coordinate services.
Capital expenses that support transportation to meet the special needs of older adults and persons with disabilities.
49 U.S.C. 5310
Section 5310 funds are available to the States during the Fiscal Year of apportionment plus two additional years (total of three years).
Allocation of Funding
Section 5310 funds are apportioned among the States by a formula which is based on the number of elderly persons and persons with disabilities in each State according to the latest available U.S. census data.
The Federal share of eligible capital costs may not exceed 80 percent of the net cost of the activity. The 10 percent that is eligible to fund program administrative costs including administration, planning, and technical assistance may be funded at 100 percent Federal share. The local share of eligible capital costs shall be no less than 20 percent of the net cost of the activity.
Other Program Highlights
Title 49 U.S.C. 5310, as amended by SAFETEA-LU, requires a recipient of Section 5310 funds to certify that projects selected are derived from a locally developed, coordinated public transit-human services transportation plan.