Stakeholder roles and involvement in job access planning will vary from place to place for a number of reasons. Previous or existing benefit programs, existing transportation services, available funding and the overall geography of an area can help identify the key players. Each state has the power to implement welfare reform guidelines as they choose. Their arrangement of responsibilities often determines who will be the primary stakeholders and their roles.
Responsibility for the distribution of funds in each state can also influence stakeholder involvement. In some cases, private agencies are hired to administer funding tasks and facilitate committee involvement. Additionally, some states charge the MPO or the transit agency to take the lead in job access planning.