Transportation solutions will vary in each area depending on the resources available, the size of the market for each alternative and the extent of existing services.
Options include increasing fixed route service (extending hours or territory), employer vanpool services, dial-a-ride services, volunteer ride services, gas vouchers, bus passes and other forms of subsidies. Transit and non-transit transportation solutions are discussed in greater detail in Chapter VI.
Evaluation of Alternatives, Costs and Benefits
It is important to explore a wide range of services and determine the benefits associated with each alternative. Estimating the number of individuals potentially served by an alternative and the cost to provide the service is one way to measure benefits. Another consideration is savings associated with reductions in welfare benefits including public assistance, housing, childcare and health. Increasing income tax revenue, impact on individuals (e.g. increased income vs. decreased benefits vs. increased expenses) and compliance with welfare reform guidelines, are other factors that can be considered. Cost and benefits of transportation alternatives are discussed in greater detail in Chapter VI and in Appendix B.