National Fuel Cell Bus Program Projects

A map showing all projects funded throughout the program is available: http://www.fta.dot.gov/14617_15531.html.

FTA provided $13.6 million for 8 projects to advance the commercialization of American-made fuel cell buses for the transit industry (using primarily FY 2012 funds). The program has provided nearly $90 million since 2006 to promote the development and testing of cleaner, greener sources of fuel for the transit industry by tapping into a network of innovative researchers, clean-fuel producers and other technology suppliers, American bus manufacturers, and others. Funds are administered to participants through FTA’s two consortium partners—CALSTART and the Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE).

FY2012 Project Selections

A list of FY2006-FY2011 Project Selections is available.
Project Title Federal Funding Consortia Lead Partners/Suppliers Location of Work Performance Project Description Status
Fuel Cell Bus Fleet Extended Operation and Support $1,808,340 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) AC Transit (Oakland, CA) Continues operation of existing fuel cell buses at AC Transit in revenue service, the largest most successful fuel cell bus fleet in the U.S. This project provides critical information on long-term operation, performance and maintenance of fuel cell buses against technical targets. FY2012 Project Selection
American Fuel Cell Bus $2,732,147 CALSTART
  • Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (Cleveland, OH)
  • ElDorado National (Riverside, CA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • Ballard Power Systems (Lowell, MA)
Builds a next-generation fuel cell bus with latest fuel cell technology and demonstrates in transit service in greater Cleveland area for 2 years. This project builds on success of the American Fuel Cell Bus project, funded under National Fuel Cell Bus Program, with a less costly, more reliable system. FY2012 Project Selection
Battery Dominant Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus $4,251,307 CALSTART
  • SunLine Transit Agency (Thousand Palms, CA)
  • ElDorado National (Riverside, CA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
Develops and demonstrates a battery-dominant fuel cell bus based on a commercial hybrid platform, and smaller, less expensive fuel cells. The bus will operate in similar service to the American Fuel Cell Bus, allowing direct comparison. FY2012 Project Selection
Central New York Fuel Cell Transportation Program $3,164,950 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Tompkins Consolidated Transit Authority (Ithaca, NY)
  • ElDorado National (Riverside, CA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • Ballard Power Systems (Lowell, MA)
Builds and operates a next-generation American Fuel Cell Bus in a cold, northeast climate. This project builds on the success of first American Fuel Cell Bus Project with more reliable, less-costly technology. FY2012 Project Selection
Birmingham Fuel Cell Bus Program Operational Support $238,987 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit (Birmingham, AL) Supports existing Birmingham fuel cell bus development and demonstration project and enables full demonstration of the bus and evaluation on its operation at small transit agency. FY2012 Project Selection
Fuel Cell Bus Altoona Testing $554,316 CALSTART National Bus Testing Facility (Altoona, PA) Comprehensive testing of an existing fuel cell bus, essential for commercialization of fuel cell electric buses. This project will help develop consistent procedures and guidelines for testing all fuel cell buses. FY2012 Project Selection
Best Practices in Hydrogen Fueling and Maintenance Facilities $189,999 CALSTART CALSTART (Pasadena, CA) Develops a best practices guide for transit agencies in hydrogen fueling and maintenance facilities. FY2012 Project Selection
National Fuel Cell Bus Program Education & Transit Outreach $691,000 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) CTE (Atlanta, GA) Conducts targeted education and outreach on the current state of the fuel cell bus technology and industry, and helps develop needed guidelines for fuel cell specific procurements. FY2012 Project Selection
FY2012 TOTAL $13,631,046

FY2006-FY2011 Projects

Project Title Federal Funding Consortia Lead Partners/Suppliers Location of Work Performance Project Description Status
Proterra Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus Development and Demonstration $6,699,580 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Proterra (Greenville, SC)
  • Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority (Columbia, SC)
  • CapMetro (Austin, TX)
  • Altairnano (Anderson, IN)
Develops an innovative, lightweight fuel cell bus to maximize efficiency and durability. Demonstrates in transit agencies in Columbia, SC, and Austin, TX. Underway
Nutmeg Fuel Cell Bus Development and Demonstration Project $8,355,000 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
  • UTC Power (South Windsor, CT)
  • CT Transit (Hartford, CT)
  • Flint Mass Transportation Authority (Flint, MI)
  • Greater Cleveland Regional Transportation Authority (Cleveland, OH)
Integrated fuel cell power system onto four new 40-foot buses and operated for two years in transit. Includes technology development to increase durability, reliability and performance of the fuel cell system. Demonstrates in transit agencies in Hartford, CT, Flint, MI, and Cleveland, OH. Completed
American Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration $4,611,807 CALSTART
  • SunLine Transit (Thousand Palms, CA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • El Dorado (Riverside, CA)
  • Ballard Fuel Cell (Lowell, MA)
Develops and demonstrates a Buy American compliant fuel cell bus with improved fuel cell, energy storage and electric drive subsystems and demonstrates in a desert climate. Underway
Compound Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus Demonstration $5,350,000 CALSTART
  • San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (San Francisco, CA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
Develops a bus with a small fuel cell, coupled with a diesel hybrid electric drive and energy storage system, and demonstrates in a transit environment. Underway
Accelerated Fuel Cell Bus Testing $3,575,000 CALSTART
  • AC Transit (Oakland, CA)
  • UTC Power (South Windsor, CT)
Accelerates testing and identification of the weakest areas of fuel cell and hybrid systems, root cause analysis, fuel cell technology development and component upgrades of fuel cell buses in AC Transit’s fleet Completed
Next Generation Fuel Cell Power System Development for Fuel Cell Transit Bus Commercialization $7,200,000 CALSTART UTC Power (South Windsor, CT) Develops a more robust, affordable, and reliable fuel cell optimized for transit applications enabling the commercialization of Buy America-compliant fuel cell bus. Transitioning to new project partner
Advanced Next Generation Fuel Cell Bus $3,977,702 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Proterra (Greenville, SC)
  • Capital Metro (Austin, TX
  • District Department of Transportation Circulator (Washington, DC)
  • University of Texas CEM (Austin, TX)
  • Altairnano (Anderson, IN)
Develops and demonstrates a composite body, 35-foot fuel cell bus with enhanced fuel cell system that is more durable and efficient. Provides a viable pathway towards commercialization of highly-efficient, lightweight battery-dominant buses. Underway
Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration in Large Transit Fleet $2,970,000 CALSTART
  • El Dorado (Riverside, CA)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • Chicago Transit Authority (Chicago, IL)
  • Air Products (Allentown, PA)
Introduces and operates next generation Buy America compliant fuel cell bus in large fleet environment, and develops technology to enable operation in cold climates. Demonstrates in Chicago, IL. Underway
ECO Saver IV Hybrid Electric Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration $2,682,888 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Ohio State University (Columbus, OH)
  • Design Line (Charlotte, NC)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
Integrates a fuel cell into a lightweight frame on an existing established hybrid platform. Demonstrates with the Ohio State University's campus area bus service. Underway
Birmingham Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration Program $1,545,148 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority (Birmingham, AL)
  • EV America (Chattanooga, TN)
  • University of Alabama Birmingham (Birmingham, AL)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
  • Altairnano (Anderson, IN)
  • Embedded Power Controls (Salem, VA)
Includes new vehicle integrator into the National Fuel Cell Bus Program and demonstrates fuel cells in a smaller transit agency in a southern climate. Underway
Massachusetts Hydrogen Fuel Cell Powered Bus with innovative fueling $7,712,140 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
  • Nuvera Fuel Cell, Inc (Billerica, MA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
  • Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (Boston, MA)El Dorado (Riverside, CA)
Integrates a fuel cell onto a lightweight bus with advanced electric drive systems utilizing Nuvera fueling infrastructure, and demonstrates in Boston, MA. Underway
Massachusetts Hydrogen Fuel Cell Powered Bus – Phase 2 $2,814,600 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
  • Nuvera Fuel Cell, Inc (Billerica, MA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • El Dorado (Riverside, CA)
  • Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (Boston, MA)
Integrates a next generation, automotive-based fuel cell onto existing fuel cell bus utilizing Nuvera fueling infrastructure, and demonstrates in Boston, MA. Underway
GE Lightweight Fuel Cell Bus with Energy Storage $6,695,000 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
  • GE Global Research (Niskayuna, NY)
  • Proterra (Greenville, SC)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
Develops lightweight hybrid fuel cell bus using a small fuel cell with an advanced drive systems, and an advanced energy storage system. Underway
Advanced Generation Fuel Cell Bus Development and Demonstration $3,305,000 CALSTART
  • CT Transit (Hartford, CT)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • New Flyer (St. Cloud, MN)
Integrates an updated fuel cell into a full-size transit bus using a proven BAE hybrid-drive system and demonstrates the bus in transit service in Hartford, CT. Underway
Next Generation Compound Hybrid Fuel Cell Bus $1,506,760 CALSTART
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
  • San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (San Francisco, CA)
Builds on an existing project by integrating enhanced Hydrogenics fuel cell on a bus and operating in transit service. This project fosters development of a low-cost hybrid fuel cell bus based on commercial hybrid technology. Underway
American Fuel Cell Bus Enhancement $1,400,000 CALSTART
  • SunLine (Thousand Palms, CA)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
  • BAE Systems (Endicott, NY)
Continues demonstration of two existing fuel cell buses at SunLine: The American Fuel Cell Bus, and the "Olympics" fuel cell bus. Helps manufacturers develop better, more robust, affordable fuel cell systems, and helps transit agencies incorporate fuel cell buses into their fleets. Underway
Hybrid Fuel Cell Power Converter $152,550 CALSTART U.S. Hybrid (Torrance, CA) Scales an existing automotive fuel cell DC-DC high power converter to satisfy the range of heavy duty hybrid fuel cell transit bus requirements. Completed
Integrated Auxiliary Module for Fuel Cell Bus $138,450 CALSTART U.S. Hybrid (Torrance, CA) Develops a low-cost, compact auxiliary module to provide high current, low-voltage DC power. Completed
DC/DC Converter Development Program $210,573 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) Embedded Power Control (Salem, VA) Develops essential DC-DC converter to enable better bus performance and more robust operation. Underway
High Voltage Air Conditioning Converter $207,930 CALSTART
  • City of Burbank (Burbank, CA)
  • U.S. Hybrid (Torrance, CA)
Develops and tests high-efficiency, air conditioning system for hybrid fuel cell buses. Reduces the cost and complexity of systems, and can greatly improve the efficiency of all hybrid and electric buses. Underway
EcoSaver IV Hybrid Electric Fuel Cell Bus Testing and Modeling $727,075 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE)
  • Design Line (Charlotte, NC)
  • Ballard (Lowell, MA)
  • Ohio State University (Columbus, OH)
Implements testing and modeling to aid in the design of fuel cell buses. Helps optimize fuel cell bus designs, for more energy efficient better performing fuel cell buses, and enable improvements to all battery electric and hybrid buses. Underway
Survey of Hydrogen Bus Users 2002-2007 $84,000 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) CTE (Atlanta, GA) Surveyed worldwide hydrogen bus demonstrations, 2002 -2007 and developed a report with analysis of technologies. Completed
National and International Fuel Cell Bus Working Groups $1,155,000 Northeast Advanced Vehicle Consortium (NAVC) NAVC (Boston, MA) Developed outreach and coordination efforts for national and international fuel cell bus working groups. Completed
Coordination of Communications and Outreach for National Fuel Cell Bus Program $459,120 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) CIC Research (San Diego, CA) Develops outreach and coordination efforts nationally and internationally, and provides information on fuel cell bus technology. Underway
National Fuel Cell Bus Program Communications & Outreach $345,000 Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE) CTE (Atlanta, GA) Develops outreach efforts to assist the industry in coordinating and disseminating information about fuel cell electric bus technology. Underway
Fuel Cell Bus U.S. Market Analysis and Study $206,536 CALSTART CALSTART (Pasadena, CA) Studies fuel cell bus market based on input from U.S. transit operators. Analyzes fuel cell bus demand, price sensitivity, consumer acceptance, environmental regulation and policy, energy efficiency benefits, service and maintenance requirements. Underway
FY2006 - FY2012 TOTAL $89,387,500