In 2005, under the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), Congress showed support for metropolitan and statewide transportation planning by emphasizing eight distinct areas which metropolitan planning organizations1 (MPOs) and states2 should consider when developing their plans:
- support the economic vitality of the [United States, the States, nonmetropolitan areas, and] metropolitan areas, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity, and efficiency;
- increase the safety of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users;
- increase the security of the transportation system for motorized and nonmotorized users;
- increase the accessibility and mobility of people and for freight;
- protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, improve the quality of life, and promote consistency between transportation improvements and State and local planned growth and economic development patterns;
- enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes [throughout the State], for people and freight;
- promote efficient system management and operation; and
- emphasize the preservation of the existing transportation system.
1SEC. 3005. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING and SEC. 3006. STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING of Title III—Public Transportation in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (PL 109-59), signed into law on August 10, 2005.
249 USC applies to Public Transportation; the same planning factors are included under the title for Highways, at 23 USC §134 (metropolitan) and 23 USC §135 (statewide).