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  1. Report No.
  1. Government Accession No
  1. Recipientís Catalog No
  1. Title and Subtitle
    Job Access Planning: Challenges and Approaches
  1. Report Date
    May 2001
  1. Performing Organization Code
  1. Authors
    Ryan, Mark E. and Ruehle, Jodi
  1. Performing Organization Report No.
  1. Performing Organization Name and Address
    BRW, Inc.
    Thresher Square, 700 3rd Street, South
    Minneapolis, MN 55415
  1. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)
  1. Contract or Grant No.
  1. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
    Federal Transit Administration
    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC 20590
  1. Type of Report and Period Covered
    Technical Assistance
    September 1998 Ė August 1999
  1. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes

This study was conducted in cooperation with the Wisconsin Department of Transportation and was managed by Sherry B. Ways, FTA Office of Planning, TPL-12, 400 7th St., S.W., Washington, D.C. 20590. E-mai:l, Telephone: 202-366-1587.
16. Abstract

This document has been prepared to assist individuals and organizations as they plan and develop effective transportation services for people who are moving from public assistance programs to new or improved job opportunities. The Federal Transit Administrationís Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC) grant program is an example of one opportunity for states and local agencies to become involved in offering new or improved transportation services in their communities. This document can assist organizations in their job access planning efforts and is designed to benefit a wide variety of readers including public and private sector audiences.

Successful job access transportation alternatives address both the short-term and long-term needs of individuals. The planning approach illustrated in this document is a step-by-step process for developing programs and services that can enable individuals to access jobs, childcare facilities and the services they need as they prepare to enter or advance in the workforce. Identifying stakeholders and establishing stakeholder groups to engage in collaborative planning efforts is a critical element of the process and is emphasized throughout the document. Representative organizations and agencies that can play an important role in identifying the needs of the target population and developing alternatives to successfully meet those needs are identified. Additional steps in the process include gathering available data, identifying gaps in existing transportation services and determining the unmet needs of individuals and employers in a community. Case studies are provided as examples of how areas around the country have addressed transportation issues relative to their unique community needs.

In addition to moving the reader through a step-by-step planning approach, this document discusses planning considerations and different program objectives, along with information sources and analytical techniques associated with different levels of planning. Potential funding sources in addition to the JARC program are provided acknowledging the arena of opportunities the reader may wish to pursue to support job access services and programs in their community.
  1. Key Words
    Welfare reform; welfare-to-work; access to jobs; transit;
    Transportation planning; metropolitan planning
  1. Distribution Statement
    Available from the National Technical Information Service/NTIS, Springfield, Virginia 22161.
  1. Security Classif. (of this report)
  1. Security Classif. (of this page)
  1. No. of Pages
  1. Price

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized

Final Report
May 2001

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