Table A-3: Land Use Assessment Ratings

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I. Existing Land Use

a. Existing Land Use

Preliminary Engineering and Final Design High Current levels of population, employment, and other trip generators in station areas are sufficient to support a major transit investment. Most station areas are pedestrian-friendly and fully accessible.
Medium Current levels of population, employment, and other trip generators in station areas marginally support a major transit investment. Some station areas are pedestrian-friendly and accessi­ble. Significant growth must be realized.
Low Current levels of population, employment, and other trip generators in station areas are inade­quate to support a major transit investment. Station areas are not pedestrian-friendly.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Existing corridor and station area development;
  • Existing corridor and station area development character; and
  • Existing station area pedestrian facilities, including access for persons with disabilities; and
  • Existing corridor and station area parking supply.

II. Transit-Supportive Plans and Policies

a. Growth Management

Preliminary Engineering and Final Design High Adopted and enforceable growth management and land conservation policies are in place throughout the region. Existing and planned densities and market trends in the region and corridor are strongly compatible with transit.
Medium Significant progress has been made toward implementing growth management and land conservation policies. Strong policies may be adopted in some jurisdictions but not others, or only moderately enforceable policies (e.g., incentive-based) may be adopted regionwide. Existing and/or planned densities and market trends are moderately compatible with transit.
Low Limited consideration has been given to implementing growth management and land conservation policies; adopted policies may be weak and apply to only a limited area. Existing and/or planned densities and market trends are minimally or not supportive of transit.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Concentration of development around established activity centers and regional transit; and
  • Land conservation and management.

b. Transit Supportive Corridor Policies

Final Design High Conceptual plans for the corridor and station areas have been developed. Local jurisdictions have adopted or drafted revisions to comprehensive and/or small area plans in most or all station areas. Land use patterns proposed in conceptual plans and local and institutional plan revisions are strongly supportive of a major transit investment.
Medium Limited progress, to date, has been made toward developing station area conceptual plans or revising local comprehensive or small area plans. Existing station area land uses identified in local comprehensive plans are marginally or not transit-supportive.
Low Limited consideration has been given to implementing growth management and land conservation policies; adopted policies may be weak and apply to only a limited area. Existing and/or planned densities and market trends are minimally or not supportive of transit.
Preliminary Engineering High Conceptual plans for the corridor and station areas have been developed. Discussions have been undertaken with local jurisdictions about revising comprehensive plans. Land use patterns proposed in conceptual plans for station areas (or in existing comprehensive plans and institutional master plans throughout the corridor) are strongly supportive of a major transit investment.
Medium Conceptual plans for the corridor and station areas are being developed. Discussions have been undertaken with local jurisdictions about revising comprehensive plans. Land use pat­terns proposed in conceptual plans for station areas (or existing in local comprehensive plans and institutional master plans) are at least mod­erately supportive of a major transit investment.
Low Limited progress, to date, has been made toward developing station area conceptual plans or working with local jurisdictions to revise comprehensive plans. Existing station area land uses identified in local comprehensive plans are marginally or not transit-supportive.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Plans and policies to increase corridor and station area development;
  • Plans and policies to enhance transit-friendly character of corridor and station area development;
  • Plans to improve pedestrian facilities, including facilities for persons with disabilities; and
  • Parking policies.

c. Supportive Zoning Regulations Near Transit Stations

Final Design High Local jurisdictions have adopted zoning changes that strongly support a major transit investment in most or all transit station areas.
Medium Local jurisdictions are in the process of adopting zoning changes that moderately or strongly support a major transit investment in most or all transit station areas. Alternatively: strongly transit-supportive zoning has been adopted in some station areas but not in others.
Low No more than initial efforts have begun to pre­pare station area plans and related zoning. Existing station area zoning is marginally or not transit-supportive.
Preliminary Engineering High A conceptual planning process is underway to recommend zoning changes for station areas. Conceptual plans and policies for station areas are recommending transit-supportive densities and design characteristics. Local jurisdictions have committed to examining and changing zoning regulations where necessary. Alterna­tively, a “high” rating can be assigned if existing zoning in most or all transit station areas is already strongly transit-supportive.
Medium A conceptual planning process is underway to recommend zoning changes for station areas. Local jurisdictions are in the process of com­mitting to examining and changing zoning regulations where necessary. Alternatively, a “medium” rating can be assigned if existing zoning in most or all transit station areas is already moderately transit-supportive.
Low Limited consideration has been given to pre­paring station area plans and related zoning. Existing station area zoning is marginally or not transit-supportive.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Zoning ordinances that support increased development density in transit station areas;
  • Zoning ordinances that enhance transit-oriented character of station area development and pedestrian access;
  • Zoning allowances for reduced parking and traffic mitigation.

d. Tools to Implement Land Use Policies

Final Design High Transit agencies and/or regional agencies are working proactively with local jurisdictions, developers, and the public to promote transit-supportive land use planning and station area development. The transit agency has estab­lished a joint development program and identi­fied development opportunities. Agencies have adopted effective regulatory and financial incentives to promote transit-oriented devel­opment. Public and private capital improve­ments are being programmed in the corridor and station areas which implement the local land use policies and which leverage the Federal investment in the proposed corridor.
Medium Transit agencies and/or regional agencies have conducted some outreach to promote transit-supportive land use planning and station area development. Regulatory and financial incen­tives to promote transit-oriented development are being developed, or have been adopted but are only moderately effective. Capital improvements are being identified that support station area land use plans and leverage the Federal investment in the proposed major tran­sit corridor.
Low Limited effort has been made to reach out to jurisdictions, developers, or the public to pro­mote transit-supportive land use planning; to identify regulatory and financial incentives to promote development; or to identify capital improvements.
Preliminary Engineering High Transit agencies and/or regional agencies are working proactively with local jurisdictions, developers, and the public to promote transit-supportive land use planning and station area development. Local agencies are making rec­ommendations for effective regulatory and financial incentives to promote transit-oriented development. Capital improvement programs are being developed that support station area land use plans and leverage the Federal invest­ment in the proposed major transit corridor.
Medium Transit agencies and/or regional agencies have conducted some outreach to promote transit-supportive land use planning and station area development. Agencies are investigating regulatory and financial incentives to promote transit-oriented development. Capital improvements are being identified that support station area land use plans and leverage the Federal investment in the proposed major transit corridor.
Low Limited effort has been made to reach out to jurisdictions, developers, or the public to pro­mote transit-supportive land use planning; to identify regulatory and financial incentives to promote development; or to identify capital improvements.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Outreach to government agencies and the community in sup­port of land use planning;
  • Regulatory and financial incentives to promote transit-supportive development; and
  • Efforts to engage the development community in station area planning and transit-supportive development.

III. Performance and Impacts of Land Use Policies

a. Performance of Land Use Policies

Final Design High A significant number of development proposals are being received for transit-supportive housing and employment in station areas. Sig­nificant amounts of transit-supportive devel­opment have occurred in other, existing transit corridors and station areas in the region.
Medium Some development proposals are being received for transit-supportive housing and employment in station areas. Moderate amounts of transit-supportive development have occurred in other existing transit corri­dors and station areas in the region.
Low A limited number of proposals for transit-sup­portive housing and employment development in the corridor are being received. Other existing transit corridors and station areas in the region lack significant examples of transit-supportive housing and employment development.
Preliminary Engineering High Transit-supportive housing and employment development is occurring in the corridor. Sig­nificant amounts of transit-supportive devel­opment have occurred in other, existing transit corridors and station areas in the region.
Medium Station locations have not been established with finality, and therefore, development would not be expected. Moderate amounts of transit-supportive housing and employment develop­ment have occurred in other, existing transit corridors and station areas in the region.
Low Other existing transit corridors and station areas in the region lack significant examples of transit-supportive housing and employment development.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Demonstrated cases of development affected by transit-oriented policies; and
  • Station area development proposals and status.

b. Potential Impact of Transit Project on Regional Land Use

Preliminary Engineering and Final Design High A significant amount of land in station areas is available for new development or redevelop­ment at transit-supportive densities. Local plans, policies, and development programs, as well as real estate market conditions, strongly support such development.
Medium A moderate amount of land in station areas is available for new development or redevelop­ment at transit-supportive densities. Local plans, policies, and development programs, as well as real estate market conditions, moder­ately support such development.
Low Only a modest amount of land in station areas is available for new development or redevel­opment. Local plans, policies, and development programs, as well as real estate market conditions, provide marginal support for new development in station areas.

Ratings based on assessment of the following:

  • Adaptability of station area land for development; and
  • Corridor economic environment.