Miami (East-West Corridor)

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East-West Corridor

Miami, Florida

(November 1996)

Description  The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) is proposing a locally preferred set of multimodal improvements that will link the suburban area west of Florida International University (FIU), the Miami International Airport, downtown Miami, and the seaport. The MPO has selected the Locally Preferred Alternative (LPA) which includes the minimum operable segment (MOS) of an 11.8 mile Metrorail line from the Palmetto Expressway through the Miami Intermodal Center (MIC) near the airport to the seaport. The LPA also includes HOV lanes along SR 836 from the Turnpike to SR 112 along a new elevated SR 836/112 interconnector, and improvements to SR 836 and LeJeune Road.

Preliminary capital cost estimates for the LPA (transit and roadway improvements) total $2.2 billion (escalated dollars). The MOS of the rail line is estimated to cost $1.574 billion (1995 dollars) ($2.0 billion escalated dollars) and to carry 33,500 riders on opening day. The full East-West line is projected to carry 82,000 riders per day in 2020.


Status  A Major Investment Study/Draft Environmental Statement (DEIS) was completed with FHWA participating as the lead Federal agency. FTA and the Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, Maritime Administration, and the Coast Guard are cooperating agencies pursuant to a 1993 Memorandum of Understanding. In October 1996, FTA authorized FDOT to begin preliminary engineering and the final Environmental Impact Statement (PE/FEIS) on the 11.8 mile MOS. The FEIS is scheduled for completion in May 1997. Congress has appropriated $1.49 million in FTA New Starts funds for the corridor for FY 1997. The Florida DOT and FHWA have contributed $11.5 million for the environmental phases.


Justification  Mobility Improvements. The MOS is expected to result in 11,800 new daily transit riders in 2020. It provides major new connections to the airport, seaport, Tri-Rail and the existing Metrorail and Metromover 
Cost Effectiveness. The cost-effectiveness index for the MOS is approximately $11 per new transit rider and $13 per new rider for the entire East-West line.


Environmental Benefits. The southeast Florida area is an attainment area for carbon monoxide and was recently redesignated as a maintenance area for ozone. At the corridor level, the LPA is projected to reduce carbon monoxide emissions by 7.2 percent. The MOS is projected to reduce vehicle miles traveled in the region by .4 percent.


Operating Efficiencies. The operating and maintenance cost per passenger for the entire East-West line.


According to FDOT's financial analysis, the MOS will be financially feasible by 2010. The preliminary financial plan assumes 35 percent ofthe cost of the transit element would be derived from the Section 5309 New Start program. Other proposed funding includes set-asides from existing Federal, state, and local sources; new state and local sources such as toll surcharges, taxing districts, cruise ship transfer fees, right-of-way and economic development bond programs. The MPO has allocated $573 million for the project in the adopted cost feasible portion of the Long Range Transportation Plan to the year 2015. The Dade County Expressway Authority has given a commitment of funds pending a revenue feasibility study that is to be completed during the PE phase. 

The ratings of capital financial commitment and operating revenues are based on the most current information available to FTA. A general financing strategy was completed in the MIS. FDOT is developing a more detailed financial plan during PE. Based on the information to date, the capital financing plan is rated "low." The MIS financing plan does not identify specific state and local funding sources. The stability and reliability of operating funds are rated "low." These ratings will be reevaluated following development of the detailed financing plan.


Source of Funds
Total Funding ($million) 
Section 5309 New Start  $550.90  ($1.49 million appropriated through FY 1997) 
State, Local and Other Federal:  1,023.10 
TOTAL  $1,574.00 
NOTE: Funding proposal reflects assumptions made by project sponsors, and are not DOT or FTA assumptions.